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About Vienna

 

Vienna (German: Wien; Slovenian: Dunaj, Croatian and Serbian: Beč Romanian: Viena, Hungarian: Bécs, Czech: Vídeň, Slovak: Viedeň, Romany Vidnya, Russian: Вена) is the capital of Austria, and also one of the nine States of Austria. With a population of about 1.6 million (2.2 million within the metro area), Vienna is the largest city in Austria as well as its cultural economic and political center. Situated both sides of the River Danube, and only 60 kilometers off Austria's Eastern border, Vienna lies on the South East corner of Central Europe and in close reach to the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary.
Vienna is seat to a number of United Nations offices and various international institutions and companies, including the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA).
 


 

The city itself is composed of 23 districts (Bezirke), which, although they all have their own names, are numbered for the sake of convenience. Legally, they are not districts in the sense of administrative bodies with explicit powers (such as the districts in the other Austrian states), but mere subdivisions of the city administration. However, there are elections on the district level, which gives the representatives of the districts some political clout (e.g. in matters of planning, traffic etc.). The districts are:

1.Innere Stadt (city centre); 2.Leopoldstadt; 3. Landstraße; 4. Wieden; 5. Margareten; 6. Mariahilf; 7. Neubau; 8. Josefstadt; 9. Alsergrund; 10. Favoriten; 11. Simmering; 12. Meidling; 13.Hietzing; 14. Penzing; 15. Rudolfsheim-Fünfhaus; 16. Ottakring; 17. Hernals; 18. Währing; 19. Döbling; 20. Brigittenau; 21. Floridsdorf; 22. Donaustadt; 23. Liesing

 

The heart and historical city of Vienna, the Innere Stadt (Inner City), was once surrounded by walls and open fields (in order to deny cover to potential attackers). The walls were razed in 1857, making it possible for the actual city to expand and eventually merge with the surrounding villages. In their place, a broad boulevard called the Ringstrasse was built. Along the Ringstrasse were imposing public and private buildings, monuments, and parks. These buildings include the Rathaus (town hall), the Burgtheater, the University, the Parliament, and the State Opera, which was burned in 1945 and reopened in 1955. It is also the location of the Hofburg, the former imperial palace. The mainly Gothic Saint Stephen's Cathedral is located in the center of the 1st district. Beyond the Ringstrasse was another wall called the Linienwall, which was torn down in the second part of the 19th century to make room for expanding suburbs. It is now a street called Gürtel (belt). Industries are located mostly in the southern and eastern districts. The Innere Stadt is not situated at the Danube, but at the Donaukanal (Danube Canal). Vienna's second district is located in between the canal and the Danube River. Across the Danube are the newest districts, which include the location of the International Center.

Vienna is famous for its many parks. Many of these parks include monuments, such as the Stadtpark and Belvedere Park with its baroque-style castle where the State Treaty was signed. The principal park of Vienna is the Prater, which is situated on an island formed by the Danube River and the canal. Schönbrunn, the beautiful Imperial Summer Palace, includes an 18th century park and the world's oldest zoo (1752).

Vienna's postal codes can be determined by the district where a given address is located; 1XXA - 1 denotes Vienna, XX the district number (if it is a single digit then with a leading zero), A is the number of the post office (irrelevant in this case, usually zero). Example: 1070 for Neubau. Exceptions of that are 1300 for the Vienna International Airport located in Lower Austria near Schwechat, 1400 for the UN Complex, 1450 for the Austria Center, and 1500 for the Austrian UN-Forces.

 

Text Source: Wikipedia
 
 

Population

Population:

1,631,082 (2005)
2,165,357 metro area

Population density:

3,931.3/km²

Geography

Area:

414.90 km²

- percent land:

395.51 km² (95,33%)

- percent water:

19.39 km² (4,67%)

Location:

48°13′N 16°22′E

Dimensions:

North-South: 22.4 km
East-West: 29.2 km

Highest Point:

543 m
(Hermannskogel)

Lowest Point:

151 m
(Lobau)

Administrative Structure

Districts:

1 Statutarstadt
23 Bezirke